The Journalist and the Pharma Bro

very nearly each weekday for six years, Christie Smythe took the F instruct from Park Slope downtown to her desk at Brooklyn’s federal courtroom, in a pressroom hidden on the some distance side of a snack bar. Smythe, who lined white-collar crime for Bloomberg information, wore normally black and gray, and usually skipped makeup. She and her husband, who worked in finance, spent their free time cooking, running Smythe’s rescue dog, and going on literary pub crawls. “We had the best little Brooklyn lifestyles,” Smythe says.

Then she chucked all of it.

Over the direction of nine months, beginning in July 2018, Smythe stop her job, moved out of the apartment, and divorced her husband. What could trigger the sensible Smythe to turn her life upside down? She fell in love with a defendant whose case she no longer best covered, however broke the information of his arrest. It became a scoop that ignited the information superhighway, as a result of her love pastime, now lifestyles accomplice, isn’t just any defendant, but Martin Shkreli: the so-called “Pharma Bro” and online provocateur, who increased the cost of a lifesaving drug via 5,000 percent overnight and made headlines for buying a one-off Wu-Tang Clan album for a pronounced $2 million. Shkreli, convicted of fraud in 2017, is now serving seven years in prison.

“I fell down the rabbit hole,” Smythe tells me, sitting in her vibrant basement apartment in Harlem, speaking publicly about her romance with Shkreli for the primary time. the relationship has made her absolutely rethink her previous work masking the courts, and as she appears lower back on the entire little decisions she made that led to this huge spoil in her existence, she says she has no regrets: “I’m chuffed right here. I consider like I even have purpose.”

christie smythe photographed in new york city in december 
Christie Smythe photographed in new york metropolis in December. costume, Rotate Birger Christensen. jewelry, Altuzarra.

Caroline Tompkins

more than 4 years previous, in January 2016, Smythe stood outside the Bryant Park skyscraper where Martin Shkreli’s enterprise Turing prescribed drugs had its offices, clutching a camera, about to meet the person himself for the primary time. She become so anxious that she hadn’t eaten all morning. Shkreli had been charged the month before with defrauding traders at hedge funds he’d run past in his career, and he made a habit of always taunting journalists like her. How do I control the situation, she remembers wondering.

transforming into up outdoor Kansas metropolis, Missouri, Smythe “become terrified of the sound of my voice,” she says, unless excessive faculty, when her ardour for reporting overrode her shyness. Smythe had a defiant streak, railing in her Catholic-ladies’-college newspaper about fines for wearing uniforms improperly. When her folks requested her to take her brothers to church, “she would defiantly take us to McDonald’s” instead, her brother Michael Smythe says.

Smythe attended the journalism faculty at the college of Missouri and labored for 2 small newspapers before relocating to big apple in 2008. After working for a felony information business, she begun overlaying Brooklyn federal court for Bloomberg information in 2012. It become a high-pressure job—Bloomberg tracked what number of seconds its newshounds filed reports ahead of their opponents—however she became well considered at the enterprise and churned out professional reports over the years. Her personal existence turned into going well, too; in 2014, she married her boyfriend of 5 years, who labored in investment management.

“perhaps i used to be being charmed by using a master manipulator.”

by early 2015, Smythe learned from a supply that Shkreli changed into beneath federal investigation for securities legislation violations. At that point, Smythe had no thought who he turned into—few people did—however she did some research and realized he was a brash, self-taught younger executive who’d began hedge funds in his twenties, then moved on to discovered pharmaceutical agencies Retrophin and Turing. When Smythe phoned Shkreli, she was anticipating a standard “No remark”; instead, he argued she “had no thought what i was speaking about.” assured in her sourcing, she published the story anyway, breaking the news of the investigation. but as a result of Shkreli wasn’t neatly wide-spread yet, it didn’t make a lot of a ripple.

That fall, notwithstanding, Shkreli became himself into a self-styled villain in a single day when he raised the expense of a drug referred to as Daraprim, used for a kind of parasitic infection that may also be lifestyles-threatening, through 5,000 p.c. Outrage adopted, with headlines like “Martin Shkreli: a new Icon of up to date Greed,” and “Martin Shkreli Is large Pharma’s largest A**hole.” Then–presidential candidate Hillary Clinton spoke of the “fee gouging” become “outrageous.” Her opponent Donald Trump observed Shkreli gave the look of a “spoiled brat.” Shkreli responded with livestreams and Twitter fights: “In DC. If any politicians are looking to beginning, come at me,” he tweeted.

So when Smythe realized the federal investigation of Shkreli had moved forward and he became about to be arrested, “I had the feel that there can be massive schadenfreude,” she says. The prices were that Shkreli had made unhealthy bets in his hedge cash and tried to cover up the losses via lying to traders about how the cash (and traders’ cash) had been performing. He become additionally accused of plundering his pharmaceutical firm Retrophin to pay again the hedge-fund buyers. In December 2015, Smythe broke the story of Shkreli’s arrest, and “the internet lit up,” she says.

jury deliberations continue in martin shkreli securities fraud trial
Shkreli (core) walks together with his legal professional Benjamin Brafman after the jury issued a verdict on August four, 2017.

Drew AngererGetty photos

In a packed court docket for Shkreli’s arraignment, Smythe watched as Shkreli, wearing a grey hoodie, pleaded now not guilty. He became allowed to head domestic and continue working at Turing after posting a $5 million bond. The subsequent month, Shkreli known as Smythe. i used to be sitting next to her within the Brooklyn pressroom, the place I coated courts and the Shkreli case for the long island times, when she took the name. I overheard her startled conversation with him, by which he advised her, “I should still’ve listened to you,” referring to the primary time they spoke in regards to the investigation, again when he pointed out she didn’t comprehend what she became talking about. all the way through the name, she managed to wrangle an in-adult meeting with Shkreli four days later. She became hoping to profile him and brought alongside her digicam, simply in case.

When Shkreli walked in for the one o’clock assembly, this time wearing a black hoodie, his hair greasy, he instantly “all started giving me a spiel,” she says. He wanted the speak off the record, and proceeded to show Smythe spreadsheet after spreadsheet with traders’ holdings in his dollars. He argued that they had been all eventually paid lower back. “You might see his earnestness,” Smythe says. “It just didn’t suit this thought of a fraudster.”

After that, “he kept toying with me for ages,” Smythe says. He would dangle an on-the-listing interview after which furnish one to one among her competitors. Smythe had to continue to be cordial; Shkreli stored making news—he purchased the Wu-Tang album, he smirked when testifying before Congress about drug pricing—and coverage of him at Bloomberg fell to her. One night when Smythe called him for remark, a tiny shift happened. Shkreli was trying to find a new legal professional and requested her for suggestions. She felt “flattered,” she says, and provided her opinion. “It truly felt like he didn’t have anyone to confer with that he may jump ideas off of,” Smythe says. “i used to be like, ‘All right. I guess i will do that.’ ” He sounded “ragged and fragile, and i acquired involved he would commit suicide as a result of all these things was all going on directly.” still, her job came first: She pre-wrote an obituary for Shkreli in case he did, really, kill himself.

smythe has considered the downsides of life with someone as infamous as shkreli and is undeterred “i’m expecting it to be messy and difficult”
Smythe has considered the downsides of lifestyles with someone as infamous as Shkreli and is undeterred: “I’m anticipating it to be messy and intricate.” dress. The Vampire’s spouse. jewelry, Altuzarra.

Caroline Tompkins

She continued to angle for a profile, asking Shkreli to satisfy her in grownup once again within the spring. He chose a wine bar close his Murray Hill residence. after they arrived, he greeted the waiter in Albanian—his fogeys are Albanian—and ordered a Cabernet; she, unable to focal point on the menu, did the equal. After he mentioned he’d believe letting her write a characteristic, they began speakme about his childhood. The Brooklyn-born son of immigrants who labored as janitors, he’d skipped grades and handled serious nervousness as a toddler. Smythe had anxiety, too, and they linked over how they’d each succeeded in aggressive big apple fields as outsiders to the Ivy League. When he observed he may likely get the wine for free, given the Albanian connection, she, mindful that journalists shouldn’t take freebies, declined.

through the summer, Shkreli kept up his game of cat and mouse, offering Smythe tantalizing recommendations about facts, then ghosting her for weeks over some perceived offense. In fall 2016, Smythe all started the celebrated Knight-Bagehot Journalism Fellowship at Columbia institution. That spring, she wrote about Shkreli for a category, “describing how manipulative he become to journalists,” says her professor, Michael Shapiro. She wrote “somewhat candidly about how he had so efficiently drawn her in.” Shapiro involved that Shkreli turned into stringing Smythe along in order to make “her evermore grateful for entry.” And “once that occurs, you’re at a profound disadvantage as a reporter,” Shapiro says. She confirmed the essay to Shkreli, and after he examine it, he instructed her, “be sure to write the publication”—as in, a biography and memoir of Shkreli. Shapiro felt that the journalist/source relationship become already muddy, and recommended Smythe in opposition t writing a publication on a person “so manipulative.” Smythe remembers Shapiro telling her, “You’re going to destroy your lifestyles.”

“maybe i was being charmed by using a grasp manipulator,” Smythe tells me. but she felt she may keep handle. She had desired to put in writing a e-book given that she turned into a kid and decided to do it, so she discovered an agent and began drafting a notion. In April 2017, Shkreli invited Smythe to a talk he turned into giving to a Princeton university scholar company finance club as fodder for the ebook. The membership sent an SUV to decide on them up; a dean shook their arms. Smythe felt a stir when Shkreli outlined her: “even though you find an honest reporter—I made pals with one, she’s here at the moment,” he informed the audience. in a while, Shkreli met with college students at a brewpub. “Martin’s mobbed with youngsters, americans speaking to him, and he’s actually animated and excited,” she remembers. When Shkreli went to the bathroom, Smythe stepped in to entertain the students. “It very nearly felt like i was a political wife,” she says.

Smythe remembers her professor telling her, “You’re going to break your life.”

A line snaked outdoor a sixth-flooring courtroom in Brooklyn’s federal district court for the primary day of Martin Shkreli’s trial in June 2017. inside, spectators wedged onto challenging benches, supporters of Shkreli to the left, journalists to the right. Even jury choice had been eventful, with expertise jurors disregarded for asserting Shkreli become “the face of company greed” and that “he disrespected the Wu-Tang Clan.” A prosecutor accused Shkreli of “telling lies on top of lies on proper of lies” to traders, as Shkreli made faces and took copious notes. After his protection lawyer argued he had decent intentions and had ensured investors sooner or later made their funds lower back, Shkreli stood and patted him on the shoulder.

Smythe wasn’t protecting the trial for Bloomberg (she became on ebook leave), but she turned into there in the court every day, occasionally sitting with Shkreli’s supporters—pals from the web who’d hardly ever interacted with him in person until then. once all of them ate lunch with Shkreli in the court cafeteria, and they also went out for drinks a few instances after the lawsuits adjourned. Smythe says she wanted to “tunnel to, who are his core individuals, who should my sources be,” and listen to “backstory” from Shkreli on daily’s testimony.

Shkreli’s antics didn’t cease throughout the trial. He rolled his eyes at testimony. He advised a roomful of newshounds that the prosecutors had been “junior varsity,” causing the judge to bar him from speakme publicly in or across the courthouse. He livestreamed at domestic after court docket, meowing at his cat and taking part in online chess. When Emily Saul, then a new york submit court reporter, became overlaying the trial, Shkreli or one in all his fanatics created a pretend fb page for her and boasted that he and Saul had been in a relationship, Saul tells me. He also purchased for less than $12 and provided to sell it for thousands.

“These are incremental choices, where you’re, like, slowly boiling yourself to loss of life within the bathtub.”

Smythe’s take on this is, “He trolls because he’s anxious,” she tells me, and “he in reality, actually wants to be someone.” She began defending him publicly as she emphasized her access to him to publishers in an try to sell her book. right through the trial, she visited his residence and listened to the Wu-Tang album—“for analysis,” she says. in a while, Smythe tweeted a photo of her holding the album, tagging a female journalist whom Shkreli had stressed online and writing: “I don’t consider he would hurt a girl, even a journalist. Behold: me and the #wutang album.” Of her increasing involvement with Shkreli, she tells me now, “These are incremental selections, the place you’re, like, slowly boiling your self to demise in the bathtub.”

In August 2017, Shkreli became convicted of three of eight counts; his sentencing listening to turned into scheduled for January. Shkreli bragged he’d do minimal, if any, penal complex time.

“he is just the use of you,” Smythe’s husband had informed her early on, after a late-nighttime name with Shkreli. “For what?” she had replied. The argument escalated. Her husband felt she became risking her journalistic popularity with the aid of “getting too sucked into this dangerous person,” Smythe says. She felt he was attempting to micromanage her career. They scheduled a couples counseling session.

a board of internet memes and posts which amused smythe she printed out and sent most of them to shkreli in prison to cheer him up—except the twitter post citing a new york post story speculating about shkreli's "engagement" it cracks smythe up, but she doesn't think shkreli would find it funny
A board of cyber web memes and posts which amused Smythe. She printed out and despatched most of them to Shkreli in reformatory to cheer him up—apart from the Twitter put up citing a brand new York publish story speculating about Shkreli’s “engagement.” (It cracks Smythe up, but she doesn’t suppose Shkreli would discover it funny.)

Caroline Tompkins

In September 2017, Smythe went to look a excessive college chum named Meredith Hartley on the West Coast, the place she also performed some publication analysis. Hartley says Smythe observed Shkreli the complete weekend. “I requested if Martin had ever made a move on her, and she or he stated no, he’d always been very professional together with her,” says Hartley, who changed into a bridesmaid at Smythe’s wedding. Hartley figured Smythe simply had a little crush.

Later that month, Shkreli offered his online followers $5,000 for a strand of hair from Hillary Clinton, who’d criticized his drug pricing. His attorney spoke of it become his regular online “immaturity, satire,” but prosecutors filed a action asking that he be jailed until sentencing in response. through then, Smythe’s booklet go away become over and she or he changed into lower back covering Shkreli for Bloomberg. She called him when she heard in regards to the Hillary hair incident, and “he simply railed at me about freedom of speech,” Smythe says. but the decide jailed Shkreli; he walked into court along with his lawyers and, after, was placed in a holding mobilephone through U.S. marshals. The minute she left the court, Smythe texted and emailed Shkreli’s friends, asking if he had his medications and arranging for somebody to retrieve his cat. Then she filed a story from the pressroom. “Ms. Smythe’s editors didn’t know about these moves,” a Bloomberg information spokesperson told me. “Had they been aware of them at the time, at a minimum, she would had been automatically taken off the beat.”

At domestic later that evening, she couldn’t sleep; her Fitbit measured her resting heart expense at 10 beats larger for every week afterward. “I nonetheless changed into in denial about it, but this basically hit me hard,” she says of Shkreli’s surprising jailing. Her physical response made it more durable for her to disregard that some thing more than a journalist-source relationship should be would becould very well be establishing.

“I knew i was part of the story at that point.”

Smythe pressed Shkreli to let her discuss with him in penitentiary, and he agreed to a November date. in the guests’ room, unsure of what Shkreli preferred, Smythe spent $30 on merchandising-computer snacks. When he changed into brought in, she hugged him, and that they sat right down to speak, struggling to listen to every other over the different company. She microwaved a hamburger for him, and that they observed prison. When the hour-lengthy seek advice from ended, she hightailed it to the first counseling session with her husband. He had refused to flow the appointment, and she or he wouldn’t reschedule with Shkreli. She arrived on the hour-lengthy session 52 minutes late.

Who become “particular person-1”? That turned into the question journalists asked as they examine prosecutors’ sentencing submission. Asking the judge to give Shkreli a prolonged 15-year sentence, prosecutors mentioned emails between a person known as “particular person-1” and Shkreli, despatched during the prison e-mail system, where all messages are monitored. Prosecutors excerpted the emails to argue that Shkreli was faking remorse, telling individual-1 that he would do “everything and the rest to get the bottom sentence viable.”

Seeing her dialog with Shkreli, understanding full neatly she become particular person-1, become the moment Smythe realized she may no longer cowl Shkreli for Bloomberg. “I knew i was a part of the story at that aspect,” she says. She alerted her editors and switched to protecting different circumstances. by means of then, ebook publishers had passed on her inspiration; they wanted a caustic tackle Shkreli, which she refused to put in writing. So she focused instead on selling movie rights to the booklet thought, attending Shkreli’s March 2018 sentencing for analysis. Zipping between supporters, journalists, and attorneys within the courtroom, Smythe says, “it essentially felt like i used to be giving a dinner party.” studying Shkreli’s unremorseful correspondence with Smythe aloud, the judge sentenced him to seven years. Smythe remembers Shkreli telling her that his attorney opined that the emails had added two years to his sentence, which Smythe says she feels in poor health about to this day.

“He trolls as a result of he’s anxious,” she tells me, and “he actually, actually desires to be someone.”

With Shkreli in penitentiary, Smythe “actually felt like an recommend for him,” she says. He despatched her letters from other journalists he’d obtained, and he or she tweeted pictures of them with derisive feedback on the journalists’ tactics. She challenged tweets disdainful of Shkreli, and told supporters a way to contact him. She says she did this partly to proper false counsel—he didn’t increase the price on the EpiPen, as an instance, and he’s 5’10”, now not 5’7″—and partly out of “professional jealousy.” Says Smythe, “lots of newshounds have been tweeting or writing reports about interactions with Martin, and that i had a wealthy save of skills I hadn’t been in a position to use in my booklet or an article.” Smythe wanted to tell a unique narrative of Shkreli: that he’d developed his organizations from scratch, that he might summon information with a near-photographic memory, that his villainous public persona turned into a masks. “i wanted to get the leisure of the story out there,” Smythe says. “and i couldn’t.”

In summer time 2018, her editor summoned her to a conference room at Bloomberg headquarters. When she arrived, her editor and an HR rep sat waiting. They’d already warned her about her tweets involving Shkreli, which she believed she’d complied with, although she endured tweeting about him some. Now her superiors informed her that behavior was biased and unprofessional. Smythe understood their subject and quit instantaneous, hugging her editor on her means out of the building. “Ms. Smythe’s habits with reference to Mr. Shkreli became now not in keeping with expectations for a Bloomberg journalist,” the Bloomberg spokesperson says. “It became apparent that it could be most excellent to part techniques. Ms. Smythe tendered her resignation, and we approved it.”

At domestic, Smythe’s stress over Shkreli and her now-unclear work future compounded her problems along with her husband. “I’m no longer going to assert it was incorrect for him to be troubled,” she says, however the fights got too sharp and too regular. They’d been since divorcing due to the fact the delivery of the yr, and decided to move forward.

smythe says she will continue to wait for shkreli while he serves the remaining four years of his sentence
Smythe says she will look forward to Shkreli whereas he serves the closing years of his sentence. dress. The Vampire’s spouse. rings, Altuzarra.

Caroline Tompkins

on the time of their separation, Smythe had been traveling Shkreli for months. She took a 6 a.m. penitentiary van from manhattan to see him when he moved to a brand new Jersey reformatory. When he became transferred to a jail in Pennsylvania, Smythe, who used to get panic assaults when driving, bought a license so she might nevertheless see him. They noted Picasso, about philosophy, about her dog and his cat, their dialog flowing “like water.” He told her she was one of the crucial best individuals allowed to seek advice from him, and mused about running for office or beginning a podcast when he received out. “That belief in himself, even though it may additionally seem to be delusional every now and then, it draws you in,” she says. “I don’t recognize if every little thing he became asserting turned into actual, however possibly like 1 percent is, and that’s remarkable by itself.”

quickly after quitting Bloomberg, Smythe visited Shkreli once more, fuming concerning the ebook industry’s rejection of him—and her. “i used to be so angry at the establishment, and individuals who wouldn’t let me tell my story within the publication: publishers, Bloomberg, everyone,” she says. devoid of her job or her marriage “that completely eroded any defenses I had left.” earlier than, she had tamped down the sparks between her and Shkreli, but now, she gave them air. She concept about when he’d teased her about being a nerd in an historical photograph he glimpsed, and how she felt when he introduced her to his friends’ checklist (he’s no longer a large fan of friends, however desired her to come back). A awareness hit her. within the visitors’ room, “I told Martin I cherished him,” Smythe says. “And he informed me he loved me, too.” She requested if she could kiss him, and he stated sure. The room smelled of chook wings, she remembers.

They couldn’t touch past a chaste hug and kiss, per penitentiary guidelines, and have in no way slept together, however the relationship moved forward through continued visits, cell calls, and emails. “It’s challenging to feel of a time once I felt happier,” Smythe says. “firstly he’s like, ‘am i able to call you my girlfriend?’ ” she says, and “this led very naturally into pondering a few future together.” quickly they had been discussing their kids’ names and prenups. After Smythe concerned about being too old to have children when Shkreli got out of penitentiary, he cautioned she freeze her eggs. She did so last spring. Rita Cushenberry, who befriended Smythe whereas touring her personal boyfriend in penal complex, accompanied Smythe and Shkreli together there. “He has the largest, warmest smile ever,” she says, and “it was an attractive aspect to look how her eyes would just gentle up.”

“That belief in himself, even though it may seem to be delusional now and then, it attracts you in.”

When Smythe advised her household concerning the relationship, her brother Michael says he and their folks were “bowled over,” however Smythe seemed “drastically happier.” “she can deal with it,” says Alyssa Haak, a chum who met Smythe in college. “She absolutely knows what she’s quote-unquote entering into.” Smythe says she’s regarded the downsides of existence with somebody as notorious as Shkreli and is undeterred. “I’m anticipating it to be messy and difficult,” she says.

every time she visited Shkreli, Smythe grew to be more and more attuned to the indignities of lifestyles in prison. “It gave me a tiny, tiny glimpse of the emotional trauma of incarceration,” she says. Smythe wrote reports on Medium arguing that the sentences of two prisoners Shkreli had become friendly with, Daniel Egipciaco and Charles Tanner, have been unfair. (each were later launched, Egipciaco with a sentence discount and Tanner through clemency.) Now Smythe is rethinking the criminal reports she used to write. “You’re by no means getting the defendant’s facet,” she says. hearing Shkreli’s perspective during the trial and observing his adventure in penal complex has “modified my viewpoint extremely,” she says. “I start to sound like a protection attorney once I talk now.”

She offered movie rights to her book idea ultimate 12 months, youngsters the booklet itself hasn’t been bought, and bought a small sum. She now works remotely for a journalism beginning-up, where her boss is privy to her relationship with Shkreli. as a result of COVID protection protocols have ended most jail visits, Smythe hasn’t seen Shkreli in over a 12 months. In April, when he requested for early unencumber on account of coronavirus unfold inside prisons, Smythe wrote a letter, which he authorised, describing their commitment and proposing he are living together with her. (although his lawyers called her his fiancée of their own request for early liberate, Smythe says she and Shkreli are definitely “life companions.”)

She asked if she could kiss him, and he pointed out sure. The room smelled of chicken wings, she remembers.

When Shkreli found out about this text, though, he stopped speaking together with her. He didn’t want her telling her story, she says. Smythe thinks it’s because he’s concerned about fallout for her. whereas she waits to listen to from him, she screens Google alerts for his identify, posts in assist agencies for family of inmates, and—because inmates have to region outgoing calls and might’t settle for incoming ones—hopes one day he’ll name or reply to considered one of her emails. “It’s fully out of her manage,” Haak says; all she can do is “sit round and wait and hope.”

Smythe has only 1 picture of both of them, propped next to her mattress. Shkreli, his arm round Smythe, has a large-open smile. “Doesn’t he appear human there?” Smythe says, laughing. Cushenberry made a blanket for Smythe with the picture on it, with a caption that reads, “All my greater days are those spent with you.” I inform Smythe I’ll should ask Shkreli for comment. “possibly this will be a explanation for him to reach out to me,” she says. Later, after I relay Shkreli’s statement—“Mr. Shkreli wishes Ms. Smythe the better of success in her future endeavors”—to Smythe by the use of video chat, she says, “That’s sweet,” quietly, no longer convincingly.

i can’t gauge Shkreli’s motive, and ask Smythe what she thinks. “That’s him asserting, You’re going to are living your existence and we’re just gonna now not be together. That I’m going to might be get my publication and that our paths will”—she sighs—“will fork.” She tears up, and that i suppose about what her journalism professor noted, about everybody having an agenda. staring at Smythe, I ultimately know her rationale for telling her story. She wishes Shkreli, and hopes putting their love on the record could ultimately provide her some vigour within the relationship. “He bounces between this indulge in having a future lifestyles collectively and this fatalism about the way it will in no way work,” Smythe says. “It’s in reality in the latter class now.” Sitting in her basement condominium, her eyes moist, her voice quavering, she says she can proceed to watch for him while he serves the final years of his sentence: “I’m gonna are trying,” she says. “I’ll be right here.”

This story seems in the March 2021 problem.

Stephanie Clifford is an award-successful journalist writing about crook justice and company, and author of the bestselling novel all and sundry upward thrust.

This content is created and maintained by means of a third party, and imported onto this page to help users give their e-mail addresses. You may well be capable of finding more information about this and equivalent content at

Recommended Articles